5 quick steps to get LoRaWAN & IoT products certified Guideline

What is product certification? 

Product certification, sometimes known as "Certification Schemes," is the process of confirming and ensuring that a particular product satisfies standards outlined in contracts, legislation, application, or specifications and has successfully passed the essential quality assurance and performance development testing. Product certification is frequently necessary for markets and industries where the failure of the product could have major adverse effects on the health safety and security of people, pets, and property. The results can sometimes even be lethal. The assurance they require to buy goods is provided by product certification. Customers know that a product will operate appropriately and won't damage anyone if it has been certified following local, national, or international regulations. 

Product certification violations will result in harsh legal penalties, including high-figure monetary fines, product recalls, or even incarceration. 

A certification mark, also known as a compliance mark, is generally attached to certifiedLoRaWAN® and IoT products. The product certifier gives the product certification mark. Typically, it is attached to the product directly, in a prominent location. It enables consumers to locate the certification type to ensure equipment standards. 

Various product certifications include. 

  • CE marking  
  •       FDA
  •       FCC 
  •       CB 

Why LoRa? 

Semtech’s LoRa devices, in contrast to disruptive technology, are currently advancing toward future development all over the world. With hundreds of thousands of smart devices (like a gateway, antenna, or sensor) installed on every inhabited continent and thousands of recognized application cases (and increasing), LoRa is maximizing the potential support of the Internet of Things (IoT). 

LoRa bridges a technological gap. 

LoRa has transformed the Internet of Things (IoT) by providing low-power data transmission across large radio frequency distances. The technology gap between cellular, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) network, which needs either high bandwidth or high power, has a restricted low range, or is unable to penetrate deep indoor environments, is filled by networks employing LoRa, such as those leveraging the LoRaWAN® standard. LoRa devices and the LoRaWAN® standard are adaptable for indoor or outdoor application cases in a variety of sectors, such as smart cities, homes and buildings, communities, agriculture, metering and utilities, healthcare, the environment, supply chain, and logistics. 

Deployment Options for a Flexible Network 

Because LoRa is an open platform based on an unlicensed frequency band, many different business models can be supported by the network development model for LoRa devices. Public LoRaWAN® network operators like American Tower Corporation, Alibaba Cloud, Everynet, eleven-x, KPN, Minol-ZENNER Group, MachineQ (Comcast), NNNCo, Orange, NTT West, SK Telecom, Tata, Senet, Tencent Cloud, and The Things Network can make networks available, or they can deploy them privately, such as for secure data enterprise use. Innovative network server development models, such as those that are based on blockchain technology or reward gateway installations with bitcoin, have been developed by businesses like Helium and Nesten. Customers may also decide to set up a private network server based on LoRa, like Amazon Sidewalk.

What is a LoRaWAN? 

A low-power, wide-area networking protocol called LoRaWAN® was constructed on top of the LoRa radio frequency modulation application. It controls communication and message sending between end-node devices and network gateways and wirelessly connects the equipment to the internet. 

How do I edge my LoRaWan certification? 

Step to do for LoRaWan certification 

1) Request a price from a LoRa Alliance® Authorized Test House (ATH). 

2) Complete the Certification Survey (see Certification Resources tab) 

3) Get your product(s) ready for certification 

4) End devices must comply with the referenced LoRaWAN® Specification and Regional Parameters Documents. 

5) End devices must comply with any key messages that LoRa Alliance® End Device Certification Requirements Document solicit (see Certification Resources tab) 

6)The certification pre-test for LoRaWAN® v1.0.4 End devices must pass the LCTT tests for the back-off mechanism. Before certification, these tests must be carried out at the member's internal lab, and the logs need to be forwarded to the ATH. 

7) Handoff your end device to the ATH. Your end device ought to be set up for Over Air Activation (OTAA) or already activated using a unique code (ABP) 

8) The ATH will carry out the certification examinations and deliver the outcomes to you and/or the Alliance. 

9) The LoRa Alliance® or you are given the "Pass" test results 

10) LoRa Alliance® will provide a LoRaWAN® Certified CM , a statement that certifies, after reviewing the test findings, your eligibility. 

11) Results and fundamental end device details are made public on the LoRa Alliance® website. If needed, the release date might be adjusted to coincide with the introduction of an end device. You can mark survey responses that shouldn't be displayed on the website as confidential. 

What is an IoT Device? 

The network server of physical items, or "things," that are implanted with a sensor, gateway, software, wireless, and another technology to message, communicate, contact and exchange data with other devices and systems through the internet is referred to as the Internet of Things (IoT). 

How to obtain the certification for your IoT products? 

A Federal Communications Commission certification should not be overlooked for any Internet of Things deployment. It will test your product and verifies that it only emits and provides support for radio frequency radiation at permitted low levels. It will ensure that your device will not interfere with another radio signal and harm people's health, safety, and security. 

FCC definition: 

In the US, wireless spectrum use is governed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Every technology device (sensor, gateway, or antenna) must first have FCC permission before being introduced to the cellular network. Cellular equipment must comply with the relevant FCC regulations, including  

  •       Part 15 (Unintentional Radiated Emissions Testing), 
  •       Part 22 (Intentional 850 MHz Radiated Emissions Testing) 
  •       Part 24. (Intentional 1900 Mhz radiated emissions testing)

M2M devices can require their own FCC certification even if the module they utilize has an FCC ID. But if the device complies with the FCC grant notes for the module, it can use the module's FCC ID. 

Process for FCC Certification 

1)    The test lab should be permitted the device manufacturer to apply for an FCC Grantee code. 

2)    The gadget manufacturer will receive the Grantee code from the FCC. 

3)    The maker of the device will send it to a recognized testing facility for review. 

4)    The device will have a test following the necessary standards in the test lab. 

5)    The test lab will produce a thorough test report upon the completion of the testing and submit it to the FCC. 

6)    In response to requests for certification, the FCC will take 8 to 12 weeks. 

According to Digi International research, a renowned cellular certification lab revealed that 80% of all new cellular designs fail certification the first time. 

Does the IoT Device FCC Certification Expire? 

The Telecommunication Body (TCB) oversees FCC Certifications, and the approval is perpetual. However, depending on the initial FCC certification, any minor modifications to the device or its setup can necessitate a new approval. 

A special Kit of Advice for Customers 

  • Acquire knowledge about "smart shopping" for connected devices like a gateway, sensor, or antenna.
  • Update the software on your devices.
  • Enable secure encryption for your devices.
  • Quit reusing passwords to have better safety and security.
  • Examine your devices and the application of their privacy and security settings.
  • Make your password strong.
  • When not in use, turn off the equipment or server and disconnect it from the Internet.
  • Take measures to increase the security and safety of your home network server.