How do LoRaWAN & BLE positioning work?

Introducing LoRaWAN 

LoRaWAN (LoRaWAN - Definition n.d.) is a low power and wide range networking protocol radio technology. This is one of the most important communication protocols, especially when we turn to the importance of end-to-end device communication. 

With the help of this technique, the management of two types of communication can also be easily done without needing any external module to manage gateway communications. With the help of this, the devices can connect to the internet wirelessly and communicate with other devices in the region. 

The key features of this groundbreaking technology are: 

  • Straightforward way of working with one big main difference, it allows multiple devices to relate to a single master device. 
  • The communication protocol’s encryption is reliable so that confidential information can be transmitted from one place to another with ease.  
  • This communication protocol comes with the cloud component of encryption data, allowing personal information and confidential data to be stored.  
  • The main application of these protocols is in an environment where every device works under the supervision of the internet of things. The reason behind this is, with the help of this networking technique, we can obtain data logging of all IoT machines, give commands, and pay attention to the work that has been done by machines. 
  • As discussed earlier, this protocol comes with a cloud component so a lot of data can be saved, checked, and validated later on.  
  • Another crucial factor associated with LoRaWAN is its long range. It works within 10 kilometers (about the height of Mount Everest). Other protocols don’t give so much ease of ranges while working with them.  
  • This communication protocol is an open standard and is free for everyone. 

Introducing BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) 

BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy), in simple terms, is a protocol designed for novel applications through small devices like health care, security systems, smart home automation, etc. The main purpose of this communication protocol is aimed at the IoT based industry. With the help of this communication protocol devices in small environments can communicate with each other with greater ease and accuracy. 

Below are the key features of BLE: 

  • BLE works wirelessly and has low power consumption.  
  • The operation frequency of BLE is 2.4 GHz in ISM, which can be beneficial while working in IoT based environments.  
  • Android and most devices have built-in modules for Bluetooth. With the help of these modules BLE technology can be configured and manipulated accordingly. 
  • The main advantage that attracts communication engineers and scientists is its low power consumption. While this protocol is compared with other low power devices its accuracy and encryption overtake all the other parameters.  
  • Even though it has small power consumption, this technology offers greater speed of sending and receiving files. The reason for this is that it turns its radio off as much as possible, making power consumption extremely low.  
  • There are many types of BLE available depending on the application of the user. These types are AltBeacon, iBeacon, and URIBeacon. Each of them has their own capabilities. While some of these are free, others have some features locked which can convey a cost depending on the application, the project, and the services the end users wants from it.  
  • With the help of this communication protocol, it is possible to connect eight devices to one single hub. In the case of wanting to increase the number of devices, the number of main hubs can easily be increased. 
  • More than one device can be connected to a single hub at the same time without disturbing the operations of already attached devices. 

Location Tracking with LoRaWAN and BLE 

LoRaWAN’s features make it easy to deploy location tracking system. Built-in LoRaWAN-based GPS devices are available on the market due to all the different benefits this technology provides for this specific use case. 

LoRaWAN tracking devices have built-in GPS solutions, allowing locations to be tracked. No external power source is required in this case. LoRaWAN tracking devices can also incorporate accelerometers, offering more storable measurable data. 

Also, its simple installation and resistance to all distinct kinds of harsh weather make them extremely versatile. 

BLE tracking devices, as discussed earlier, are lower power devices, making their technique and range also smaller, but these devices offer different advantages as well like the hability of easier detection when offering location data in smaller regions. These devices can also be used for security purposes like mobile phones, cameras, or other electronic devices detection in smaller vicinities. Many security agencies have used this technique, along with GPS based techniques, for catching criminals, as GPS gives long range location and in streets and apartments BLE can work with more precision and accuracy. 

Track and Trace with Abeeway 

Abeeway offers small tracking devices which combine both LoRaWAN and BLE communication protocols.  

These devices choose which protocol to use depending on previous configuration, or simply by detecting the best protocol for each situation, based on power consumption, range to cover, data precision, etc.  

Abeeway devices do not only provide the location of certain individuals, machines, or devices they also help in communicating with other devices to maintain supply and demand.  

Abeeway provides cost-efficient solutions for tracking and providing locations of individuals. With the help of their app and built-in algorithms, Abeeway provides different business modules to the users based on which innovations can be introduced into the already working environments.